What I started with was a desire to use a batch fabrication process; that is, to make many components simultaneously and make them in place so that they are connected. Jack Kilby Biographical T he Nobel Committee has asked me to discuss my life story, so I guess I should begin at the beginning. His father was an executive with the Kansas Power Company. Actually the front page of the patent represents a start in that. What I was told to do was to see if we could find some areas in which some of these techniques could be used, without being very specific. Yes. Two to four million dollars were committed to the program over a period of a couple years. I had almost no trouble in making this pre-component version work and not too much trouble with the germanium circuits. We're going with it." The decision to pursue this was primarily based on a perceived need. He retired a few years ago. Another way to do it might have been to have thought about or to have had the inspiration for the idea of diffusing all the components into a single chip of silicon — which is what it ended up being, right? After that was over we began to look for specific useful circuits wanted to build and began to make the shift to silicon. What did you do in those six years from 1952 to 1958? It was obvious from the start that silicon was the best material with which to work, in part because the first customers for this — the ones who could gain most from it — were the military, and they needed silicon. I am not sure it even was all on the paper at that point. If I wanted to give him a call to talk about those days, do you know where I could find him? Bob Noyce was talking about the technological environment that existed at the time, and his feeling was that if the invention had not taken place by either of you, then soon someone else would have invented it. I don't know whether it would have been three months or three years, but sooner or later I think it would have appeared. Jack St Clair Kilby was born on 8 November 1923 in Jefferson City, Missouri, but grew up in Kansas where his father ran an electrical company. We began to look around in order to get something else going that was integrated. I grew up in Kansas. Jack Kilby’s association with science and electronics was long. As such they are not a particularly good mechanism for apportioning credit. I don't know whether you can do much with them. This was clearly the other way around. I was one of two from there who went to Bell Labs. That's where his degree was — I guess maybe his B.S. By that time IBM was well launched on SLP, and I don't really think I got an offer from them. Kilby's invention was a hybrid integrated circuit (hybrid IC), rather than a monolithic integrated circuit (monolithic IC) chip. There were things like data definition, and at that time the photographic techniques were just beginning to come in which were much more powerful than anything we had with silkscreen circuitry. Request for permission to quote for publication should be addressed to the IEEE History Center Oral History Program, IEEE History Center, 445 Hoes Lane, Piscataway, NJ 08854 USA or ieee-history@ieee.org. No, that's a phase shift oscillator. Jack St. Clair Kilby is best known as the inventor of the microchip, first demonstrated September 12, 1958 at Texas Instruments (TI) where he was employed. In 1982 Kilby was elected to the National Inventors Hall of Fame. This meeting with Adcock when he got back from vacation was in July. Yes. Yes. He headed teams that created the first military system and the first computer incorporating integrated circuits. And crystal growth and pattern formation technique. I don't want to suggest that there are any hard feelings. 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